David's last words
1Now these are the last words of David:
The oracle of David, the son of Jesse,
the oracle of the man who was raised on high,
the anointed of the God of Jacob,
the sweet psalmist of Israel:23.1 Or the favourite of the songs of Israel
2“The Spirit of the LORD speaks by me,
his word is upon my tongue.
3The God of Israel has spoken,
the Rock of Israel has said to me:
When one rules justly over men,
ruling in the fear of God,
4he dawns on them like the morning light,
like the sun shining forth upon a cloudless morning,
like rain23.4 Heb from rain that makes grass to sprout from the earth.
5Yea, does not my house stand so with God?
For he has made with me an everlasting covenant,
ordered in all things and secure.
For will he not cause to prosper
all my help and my desire?
6But godless men23.6 Heb worthlessness are all like thorns that are thrown away;
for they cannot be taken with the hand;
7but the man who touches them
arms himself with iron and the shaft of a spear,
and they are utterly consumed with fire.”23.7 Heb fire in the sitting
David's mighty men
823.8-39: 1 Chron 11.10-41.These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Josheb-basshe'beth a Tah-che'monite; he was chief of the three;23.8 Or captains he wielded his spear23.8 1 Chron 11.11: Heb obscure against eight hundred whom he slew at one time.
9And next to him among the three mighty men was Elea'zar the son of Dodo, son of Aho'hi. He was with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there for battle, and the men of Israel withdrew. 10He rose and struck down the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand cleaved to the sword; and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the men returned after him only to strip the slain.
11And next to him was Shammah, the son of Agee the Har'arite. The Philistines gathered together at Lehi, where there was a plot of ground full of lentils; and the men fled from the Philistines. 12But he took his stand in the midst of the plot, and defended it, and slew the Philistines; and the LORD wrought a great victory.
13And three of the thirty chief men went down, and came about harvest time to David at the cave of Adullam, when a band of Philistines was encamped in the valley of Reph'aim. 14David was then in the stronghold; and the garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem. 15And David said longingly, “O that some one would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem which is by the gate!” 16Then the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem which was by the gate, and took and brought it to David. But he would not drink of it; he poured it out to the LORD, 17and said, “Far be it from me, O LORD, that I should do this. Shall I drink the blood of the men who went at the risk of their lives?” Therefore he would not drink it. These things did the three mighty men.
18Now Abi'shai, the brother of Jo'ab, the son of Zeru'iah, was chief of the thirty.23.18 Two Hebrew Mss Syr: MT three And he wielded his spear against three hundred men and slew them, and won a name beside the three. 19He was the most renowned of the thirty,23.19 1 Chron 11.25: Heb Was he the most renowned of the three? and became their commander; but he did not attain to the three.
20And Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada was a valiant man23.20 Another reading is the son of Ish-hai of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds; he smote two ariels23.20 The meaning of the word ariel is unknown of Moab. He also went down and slew a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen. 21And he slew an Egyptian, a handsome man. The Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but Benai'ah went down to him with a staff, and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear. 22These things did Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada, and won a name beside the three mighty men. 23He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.
24As'ahel the brother of Jo'ab was one of the thirty; Elha'nan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 25Shammah of Harod, Eli'ka of Harod, 26Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh of Teko'a, 27Abi-e'zer, of An'athoth, Mebun'nai the Hu'shathite, 28Zalmon the Aho'hite, Ma'harai of Netoph'ah, 29Heleb the son of Ba'anah of Netoph'ah, It'tai the son of Ri'bai of Gib'e-ah of the Benjaminites, 30Benai'ah of Pir'athon, Hid'dai of the brooks of Ga'ash, 31Abi-al'bon the Ar'bathite, Az'maveth of Bahu'rim, 32Eli'ahba of Sha-al'bon, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 33Shammah the Har'arite, Ahi'am the son of Sharar the Har'arite, 34Eliph'elet the son of Ahas'bai of Ma'acah, Eli'am the son of Ahith'ophel of Gilo, 35Hezro23.35 Another reading is Hezrai of Carmel, Pa'arai the Arbite, 36Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite, 37Zelek the Ammonite, Na'harai of Be-er'oth, the armour-bearer of Jo'ab the son of Zeru'iah, 38Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 39Uri'ah the Hittite: thirty-seven in all.
Scripture quotations are from the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright © 1946, 1952, 1957 and 1971 National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.