The Authority of Jesus Challenged
120:20:1 For 20:1–8 see parallels Matt. 21:23–27; Mark 11:27–33One day, as Jesus20:1 Greek he was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes with the elders came up 2and said to him, “Tell us by what authority you do these things, or who it is that gave you this authority.” 3He answered them, “I also will ask you a question. Now tell me, 4was the baptism of John from heaven or from man?” 5And they discussed it with one another, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven’, he will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ 6But if we say, ‘From man’, all the people will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.” 7So they answered that they did not know where it came from. 8And Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
920:20:9 For 20:9–18 see parallels Matt. 21:33–46; Mark 12:1–12And he began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard and let it out to tenants and went into another country for a long while. 10When the time came, he sent a servant20:10 Or bondservant; also verse 11 to the tenants, so that they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11And he sent another servant. But they also beat and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed. 12And he sent yet a third. This one also they wounded and cast out. 13Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will respect him.’ 14But when the tenants saw him, they said to themselves, ‘This is the heir. Let us kill him, so that the inheritance may be ours.’ 15And they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16He will come and destroy those tenants and give the vineyard to others.” When they heard this, they said, “Surely not!” 17But he looked directly at them and said, “What then is this that is written:
20:17 Ps. 118:22“ ‘The stone that the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone’?20:17 Greek the head of the corner
18Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, and when it falls on anyone, it will crush him.”
Paying Taxes to Caesar
19The scribes and the chief priests sought to lay hands on him at that very hour, for they perceived that he had told this parable against them, but they feared the people. 2020:20:20 For 20:20–38 see parallels Matt. 22:15–32; Mark 12:13–27So they watched him and sent spies, who pretended to be sincere, that they might catch him in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the authority and jurisdiction of the governor. 21So they asked him, “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach rightly, and show no partiality,20:21 Greek and do not receive a face but truly teach the way of God. 22Is it lawful for us to give tribute to Caesar, or not?” 23But he perceived their craftiness, and said to them, 24“Show me a denarius.20:24 A denarius was a day's wage for a labourer Whose likeness and inscription does it have?” They said, “Caesar's.” 25He said to them, “Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.” 26And they were not able in the presence of the people to catch him in what he said, but marvelling at his answer they became silent.
Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection
27There came to him some Sadducees, those who deny that there is a resurrection, 28and they asked him a question, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother dies, having a wife but no children, the man20:28 Greek his brother must take the widow and raise up offspring for his brother. 29Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife, and died without children. 30And the second 31and the third took her, and likewise all seven left no children and died. 32Afterwards the woman also died. 33In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For the seven had her as wife.”
34And Jesus said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage, 35but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and to the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage, 36for they cannot die any more, because they are equal to angels and are sons of God, being sons20:36 Greek huioi; see Preface of the resurrection. 37But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in the passage about the bush, where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. 38Now he is not God of the dead, but of the living, for all live to him.” 39Then some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, you have spoken well.” 40For they no longer dared to ask him any question.
Whose Son Is the Christ?
4120:20:41 For 20:41–44 see parallels Matt. 22:41–45; Mark 12:35–37But he said to them, “How can they say that the Christ is David's son? 42For David himself says in the Book of Psalms,
20:42 Ps. 110:1“ ‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
43until I make your enemies your footstool.” ’
44David thus calls him Lord, so how is he his son?”
Beware of the Scribes
4520:20:45 For 20:45, 46 see parallels Matt. 23:1, 2, 5–7; Mark 12:38–40And in the hearing of all the people he said to his disciples, 46“Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and love greetings in the market-places and the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honour at feasts, 47who devour widows' houses and for a pretence make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.”
Notification: The English text of the ESV Bible may not be translated into any other language or used as the basis of a derivative work or as the sole base English text from which any translation of the Bible is made. Outside of Paratext, users may not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible. ESV® Bible, copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. All rights reserved. ESV text edition: 2016.