The Bible and World War One


When World War 1 broke out, my own great-grandfather Thomas Winter knew he had to be there, writes Hazel Southam.

The trouble was that he was 59, so too old for active service. Instead he joined the YMCA, to set up and run the social centres that soldiers away from the front line could use. Perhaps not surprisingly all the soldiers called him ‘Daddy’.

It was a remarkable action for a teacher-cum-farmer from a quiet village in the depths of Buckinghamshire’s countryside. But perhaps it was not so remarkable, according to my mother, Mary Southam, who remembers Thomas Winter well.

‘ I was always brought up to think of him as a very fine old Christian man because he had spent his life doing what he thought he should for the kingdom of God,’ she says.

‘That was community service: lots of it. He was a man of the Baptist chapel in the village and spent a huge amount of time leading the Sunday School and helping to raise funds to expand the church.

‘He was a very sociable and likeable person and wanted to do his bit in whatever way he could.’

In 1914, that meant leaving the farm that he ran on the outskirts of the village of Holmer Green and heading for France and then Italy, where he ran YMCA huts.

His diaries provide an insight into his training for the work. He was told that ‘there is a chariot of fire about us’ and that he was to ‘be a witness for the truth’.

As well as knowing that an 1lb jar of Bovril made 48 cups of drink, he was to ‘help someone know they are saved’.

His preparation for the YMCA took place in Winchester in Hampshire, where he chose the same hymns that were being sung at his home church in Buckinghamshire. At first he found the work rather dull, until 7,000 men and 2,000 horses turned up and he was run off his feet.

His war involved building huts from scratch, and in Marseilles, also being asked by the officers to provide courts for tennis, baseball, badminton and vies as well as a cricket pitch with netting.

In Italy, he formed a choir of 40 men and led Sunday evening services and concerts on Friday nights.

‘I think his faith would have helped him when he was away at war,’ says my mother. ‘He was mature enough to be able to be a good friend and counsel to soldiers whom he met who were perhaps having a really rough time.

‘I should think he was in a good place to use his Christian faith to comfort and strengthen those soldiers.’

Read more stories

Soldier’s life saved at the Somme by his Bible

Soldier’s life saved at the Somme by his Bible

The life of 21-year-old British soldier, Pte Frank Viner, was saved at the Somme by his Bible.

Bible ‘major support’ during Gallipoli campaign

Bible ‘major support’ during Gallipoli campaign

The Gallipoli campaign that began in April 1915 is often remembered as a sideshow to the fighting in France and Belgium.

The man who saved others’ lives at Passchendaele

The man who saved others’ lives at Passchendaele

Cricket-loving Ronald Marchant was the youngest of four brothers from the village of Weald in Kent to sign up at the start of World War One. Herbert, Robert, Reuben and Ronald all left their family home and headed for the Western Front. Ronald, who’d left school at 14, was just 19 years old.

Read more about






Bible Society

Poetry and poets

Conscientious objectors

Bringing the Bible to life

Bible Society, Stonehill Green, Westlea, Swindon, SN5 7DG. Registered charity 232759

Read the Bible icon Read Bible
Open full Bible